Maintain Retina Health for Good Vision

Having a healthy retina is absolutely essential for clear vision. Your retina is light-sensitive nerve tissue that is located at the back of your eye. It is responsible for allowing images to be focused, converted to electrical impulses and delivered to the brain through the optic nerve. If your retina is damaged in any way, your vision will be impaired.

Common Retinal Diseases/Conditions

The following conditions can lead to blurring or distortion of central vision:

  • Macular degeneration: formation of yellowish deposits on the retina and especially the macula (the center of the retina)
  • Diabetic retinopathy: blood vessel damage in the retina
  • Retinal tear, hole and puckering: formation of a tear or scar tissue on the retina
  • Retinal detachment: retina pulls away from the back of the eye causing floaters or a curtain effect over the field of vision
  • Intraocular and retinal trauma
  • Uveitis: inflammation of the uvea (middle layer of the eye)

Left uncontrolled, many of these conditions can ultimately lead to blindness.

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Diabetic Retinopathy

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy, the most common diabetic eye disease, is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in blood vessels of the retina.

People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk. Between 40-45% of Americans diagnosed with diabetes have some stage of diabetic retinopathy. That is why everyone with diabetes should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam by an eye care professional at least once a year.

If you are diabetic, stay proactive with your eye health by having a comprehensive eye exam every year with one of our retina specialists. Call our Florence office at (843) 664-9393 or our Sumter office at (803) 775-1772 to schedule an appointment.

Diabetic Retinopathy Symptoms

How to Tell if you Have Diabetic Retinopathy

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of the disease, nor is there any pain, which is another reason diabetics should have an annual exam by an ophthalmologist. No treatment is needed unless there is macular edema or bleeding inside the eye. To prevent progression of the disease, diabetics should control their levels of blood sugar, blood pressure and blood cholesterol.

In advanced stages or proliferative retinopathy, you may see specks of blood “floating” in your vision. If these are seen, an appointment should be made immediately with one of the retina specialists at Carolinas Centers for Sight, P.C. in Florence. Call our Florence office at 1 (843) 664-9393 or our Sumter office at 1 (803) 775-1772 to schedule an appointment.

Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy

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If left untreated, proliferative retinopathy can cause severe vision loss and even blindness. The earlier it is treated, the more likely treatment will be effective. Scatter laser surgery is used to shrink the abnormal blood vessels in one or more treatment sessions.

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