Having a healthy retina is absolutely essential for clear vision. Your retina is light-sensitive nerve tissue that is located at the back of your eye. It is responsible for allowing images to be focused, converted to electrical impulses and delivered to the brain through the optic nerve. If your retina is damaged in any way, your vision will be impaired.
The following conditions can lead to blurring or distortion of central vision:
Left uncontrolled, many of these conditions can ultimately lead to blindness.
People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk. Between 40-45% of Americans diagnosed with diabetes have some stage of diabetic retinopathy. That is why everyone with diabetes should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam by an eye care professional at least once a year.
Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of the disease, nor is there any pain, which is another reason diabetics should have an annual exam by an ophthalmologist. No treatment is needed unless there is macular edema or bleeding inside the eye. To prevent progression of the disease, diabetics should control their levels of blood sugar, blood pressure and blood cholesterol.
In advanced stages or proliferative retinopathy, you may see specks of blood “floating” in your vision. If these are seen, an appointment should be made immediately with one of the retina specialists at Carolinas Centers for Sight, P.C. in Florence. Call our Florence office at 1 (843) 664-9393 or our Sumter office at 1 (803) 775-1772 to schedule an appointment.
If left untreated, proliferative retinopathy can cause severe vision loss and even blindness. The earlier it is treated, the more likely treatment will be effective. Scatter laser surgery is used to shrink the abnormal blood vessels in one or more treatment sessions.