What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of conditions in which a blockage occurs in the circulation of the clear fluid (aqueous humor) that fills the front part of the eye, resulting in a higher than normal pressure within the eye. The drain is located in the anterior front chamber of the eye, at the angle formed where the clear cornea meets the iris.
The high eye pressure causes damage to the tissues of the eye, especially the optic nerve and the retina (the back of the eye). Glaucoma affects the width or field of your vision and can eventually damage the sharp vision as well, even to the point of complete and total blindness.
Glaucoma usually does not give a patient symptoms until late in the disease. It is unusual to experience pain or redness, although these may occasionally occur. In addition, there is usually no blurring of vision early in the disease. For the great majority of glaucoma patients, it is a ‘silent disease,’ detected only by regular eye examinations.
Treatment for Glaucoma
Treatment options will depend on the type of glaucoma you have. Methods may include eye drops, laser surgery, medications or traditional surgery. Any vision you lose due to glaucoma cannot be regained by treatment. If glaucoma is not treated adequately, it can progress to full blindness.
The higher the pressure, the faster the visual decline. Those with glaucoma, who are suspects for glaucoma, or who have a family history of glaucoma should have regular eye examinations yearly or more often.
Due to the increased risk of glaucoma with age, even those without a family history of glaucoma should have yearly eye exams by their doctor by age forty.
Regular eye exams can help identify initial signs of glaucoma so early treatment can be administered. Contact us at 1 (843) 664-9393 today to schedule a glaucoma eye exam.